Wakari, which has adapted to all types of climate and conditions, is a versatile animal. Very little is spent on its upbringing, hence it is called the cow of the poor. The fat particles in their milk are small. Hence it is digestible. In its milk, iron, potassium etc. salts are found more than cow’s milk.
Iron in its milk is 9-10 times more than that of cow’s milk. Goat’s milk is also used as medicine. Doctors recommend drinking goat’s milk to the patients of stomach, liver, tuberculosis, ulcer, diarrhea. It is given in the form of medicine to tuberculosis patients. It is even more useful for pregnant women.
Goat meat is tasty and nutritious. The number of goats in the world is 446 lakh, out of which 350 lakh are found in the tropical and sub-tropical region. India has 20% of the world’s goat population. In India, 40% of the total goats are found in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. India ranks second after Africa in terms of goat population in the world.
Generally good for breeding. A healthy goat with ancestral qualities should be used. Winter and spring season are the most suitable for breeding. Goat comes into summer (seasonal) on 18-21 days. In the season, she is restless and keeps wagging her tail. Their genitals swell and look pinkish. Goats urinate frequently and their genitals secrete mucus.
Conception should be done on the second day after coming into heat. The first conception should be done to the goat for 10-15 months. The gestation period of a goat is 150 days. Generally goats give birth twice in 18 months. Usually goats give 2 to 3 young at a time but sometimes even 4 to 5 babies are given but such lambs are weak. Giving lambs Iromycin and Terramycin can protect them from parasitic diseases and maintain good health.
All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Goats –
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research started this project in 1971 for the development of high productivity goats, especially meat, milk and wool giving goats. Initially five centers were established to increase the production of wool and milk. Later four more centers were opened to increase the meat production. Two more centers are proposed to be established in Bikaner (Rajasthan) and Mhow (Madhya Pradesh) to increase milk production.
Central Institute for Research on Goats
This institute has been established on the Agra-Mathura highway at a place called Makhdum. It got full institution status in 1979. Its objective is to develop and manage good quality goats. In addition, this institute is researching on subjects like goat disease, fodder management, embryo protection etc. Its main objective is to get more hair, milk and meat from goats at less cost and in less time.
The following are the main exotic breeds of goats-
(1) Tomenberg –
Its origin is believed to be the Togenberg Valley of north-eastern Switzerland. It is generally reared for milk. It is a goat living in different climates. This is 5.5 kg per day. Gives milk.
Its birth place is considered to be the region of South Afghanistan, especially Khorasan. This eastern is generally reared for wool production. Wool production per sheep is about 1.89 to 2.26 kg. it happens. The wool is long and curly. It is also used for meat.
(3) Baluchi –
Its place of origin is Bolan district of Kalat province of Baluchistan. Their wool is long and thick. It is capable of withstanding famine and drought. Their meat is the best. It is a bisexual breed. It is 1.3 to 1.8 kg per day. Gives milk.
(4) Anglo-nuvidhan (milk)-
Its birthplace is Britain. It is called Jersey in the goat world.