About 3,700 years ago, a man and a woman were buried together in the south-east of the Iberian Peninsula. His mausoleum La Almodoya, now called Murcia, Spain, contained an ovoid jar under the floor of a grand hall in a vast mountain complex. It is one of several archaeological sites associated with the El Argar culture of the early Bronze Age, which controlled an area about the size of Belgium dating from 2200 BCE to 1500 BCE.
Looking at the 29 high-value items in the mausoleum, Thursday is described in the journal AntiquityThe couple feel that they were members of the Argaric upper class. And the woman may be the more important of the two, raising questions for archaeologists as to who seized power among the Argics, and added further evidence to a debate about the role of women in prehistoric Europe.
She died in her 20th, Probably of tuberculosis, And leaning towards the man, he was placed on his back. In life, he had a series of congenital anomalies such as a small, fused spine and a left thumb.
There were sublime silver symbols of wealth and power in and around him. Her hair was tied with silver spirals, and her silver earlobe plugs – one larger than the other – looped silver spirals through them. A silver bracelet was near his elbow, and a silver ring was still on his finger. Silver retained a diamond-shaped porcelain pot, and silver triple plates embellished it with oak-wood embellishments – a symbol of femininity.
His most magnificent silver artefacts are an impeccable crafted education – a headband-like crown – which still rests on his head. Only six have been discovered in Argeric tombs.
She would flicker in life. Christina Rihuit Herada said, “Imagine going to the tip of her nose with a disc.” Archaeologist and professor of prehistory at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, and one of the explorers of burials. “It’s shining.” You could actually see yourself in the disc. It would be a very, very impressive thing to trap the woman’s eyes. And someone’s ability to be reflected – their face in another’s face – would have been somewhat shocking. “
Her voice also had theatricality: “Think of the noise – it’s clink clink clink, because it’s silver against silver in these very large earballs,” Dr. Said Rihuite Herada. “It would make for a remarkable person.”
The man, who was in his 30s at the time of his death, was interfered with by his own finances, which included gold plugs in his ears. The silver ring that was once on her finger had fallen and lay near her lower back. On his side was a copper dagger fitted with four silver rings.
Like his contemporaries – such as the Minoans of Crete, Wessex in Britain and the Unitis of Central Europe – organics were the hallmark of a state society, an urban center with a ruling bureaucracy, geopolitical boundaries, complex settlement systems and monumental structures. They had labor and class distinctions that persisted after death, which were based on the widespread inequality of grave goods discovered at archaeological sites.
And while most of these systems have long been regarded as patriarchal, double burials and other archaeological graves at La Almoloya are making archaeologists rethink in ancient Iberia. Was that a power? Was she a symbol of power, but had none of her own? Did they share power or see it in different regions?
He was buried under the floor of a great hall, where long benches lined the walls, and a podium stood before a hearth for heat and light, not cooking. The space was enough to hold about 50 people. “Hundreds of El Argar buildings have been excavated there, and this one is unique. It is clearly a building exclusively in politics, ”Dr. Rihuta Herada said.
The couple had at least one child – an infant who was buried under a nearby building, a genetic match for both of them.
In El Argar culture, girls were given grave goods at an earlier age than boys, indicating that they were believed to be women before boys. Diadems are found exclusively with women, and their graves hold a rich variety of valuable objects. Some male elite warriors were buried with swords.
Both took possession to stay in power, Drs. Rihuite Herda suggested that perhaps they held power in different regions. Talwar may suggest that “the enforcement of government decisions will be in the hands of men.” Perhaps women were political rulers, but not alone.
She points out that perhaps the agarics were similar to the matrilineal hadenosuni (also known as the Iroquois), in which women hold political and decision-making power – including matters of prominence, war, and justice – but control of the male army. Are in
These intriguing ideas fit an emerging body of research from various archaeological studies in Europe that are re-examining female power during the Bronze Age.
“The fact that most of the grave goods, including all those made of silver, with the woman clearly indicated a man who was considered highly important,” said Karin Frey, researcher in archeology at the National Museum of Denmark. . “This raises the question of whether a class-based state society can be governed by women.”
Is director of Stories of Bronze Age peopleUses, which use methods such as biochemical and biochemical analysis to study residues from both aristocratic and common burials in Denmark. “In many parts of Bronze Age Europe, women may have played a much larger role in political and / or long-distance networks than previously thought.”
Joanna Brooke, a specialist in the Bronze Age of Britain and Ireland and head of the School of Archeology at University College Dublin, says elite women of this era were considered “forbidden brides”, objects in a network of male power Used to exchange as. Is ripe for reconsideration.
Dr. “The burial at La Almoloya provides such clear evidence that women may have held special political power in the past,” Brooke said. “I think we should be open to the possibility that they eroded power and agency. Of course, power is a really complicated thing. You can have power in some contexts but not in others. We should be concerned about power. I should not think of anything that you have or do not have. “