But the numbers can help us understand the scale of some of the pitfalls – particularly in the travel industry, which experienced a staggering collapse in 2020.
Worldwide, estimates of international arrivals have fallen to 381 million in 2020, down from 1.461 billion in 2019 ( 74 percent drop. In countries whose economies are heavily dependent on tourism, the initial decline in visitors was disastrous.
According to recent data from the United Nations World Tourism Organization, international travel declined in 2020. Estimated loss of $ 1.3 trillion In global export revenue. As the agency notes, the figure is more than 11 times the loss in 2009 as a result of the global economic crisis.
The following charts – which address changes in international arrivals, emissions, air travel, the cruise industry, and car travel – provide a comprehensive overview of the effects of the coronovirus epidemic within and beyond the travel industry.
Before the epidemic, tourism is responsible for One out of every 10 jobs Worldwide. However, in many places, travel plays an even greater role in the local economy.
Consider the Maldives, where international tourism has almost accounted for in recent years Two-thirds of the country’s GDP, When considering direct and indirect contributions.
As the worldwide lockdown fell, there was international arrival in the Maldives; From April to September 2020, they were down 97 percent compared to the same period in 2019. Throughout 2020, there was a more than 67 percent drop in arrivals compared to 2019. (The numbers gradually improved after reopening in the country again in July;) The government, eager to boost tourism and reduce losses, lures marketing campaigns and even travelers Affected affected with tree junkets.)
Similar developments were played in places such as Macau, Aruba and the Bahamas: shutdowns in February and March, followed by an increase over the year.
The economic impact of travel-related declines has been surprising. For example, in Macau, the GDP contract More than 50 percent In 2020.
And the effects can be long lasting; In some areas, travel is not expected to return to pre-epidemic levels by 2024.
The epidemic gave a boost to commercial aviation. One way to visualize the effect of lockdown on air travel is to consider the number of passengers checking daily at the Transportation Security Administration outposts.
Traveler screening fell in March before hitting a low point on 14 April, when 87,534 passengers were screened – a 96 percent drop with the same date in 2019.
The number has grown relatively rapidly since then, although the screening figures today are still sitting at less than half of what it was a year ago.
According to the International Air Transport Association, an airline business group, global passenger traffic in 2020 Fell to 65.9 percent Compared to 2019, the biggest year-over-year decline in aviation history.
Another way to visualize the drop-off in air travel over the past year is to consider the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by aircraft around the world.
According to the figures of Carbon monitor, An international initiative that provides estimates of daily CO2 emissions, worldwide emissions from aviation fell by nearly 50 percent last year – around 500 million metric tons of CO2, down from around 1 billion metric tons in 2019. However, time will depend to a large extent Corporate and international travel is bypassed.)
All told, CO2 emissions from fossil fuels have decreased 2.6 billion metric tons In 2020, the 7 percent decrease from 2019 was driven in large part by the decline of transport.
Some industries played a role as central and public in the early months of the coronovirus epidemic, such as major cruise lines – beginning with Wrath on diamond princess.
in Scolding of industry Released in July, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention blamed cruise companies for widespread transmission of the pointing virus 99 outbreaks in 123 cruise ships. In the waters of America alone.
While exact passenger data for 2020 is not yet available, publicly disclosed revenue – including ticket sales and onboard purchases – presents a dramatic description of three of the largest cruise lines: strong revenue in the early months of 2020 , Followed by a fall in the fall.
Third-quarter revenue for the industry’s biggest player, Carnival Corporation, saw a 99.5 percent year-on-year decline in 2020 – to $ 31 million, down from $ 6.5 billion in 2019.
The outlook remains bleak for the early months of 2021: for now, most cruise lines have canceled all sailors in May or June.
Both international and domestic air travel was marked by an epidemic. But how was the car journey affected?
One way to measure change is to compile the daily travel index Arriver, A company that uses mobile location data to measure consumer road trips of 50 miles or more across all 50 US states.
The figures tell the story of a rebound that is slightly stronger than air travel: a sharp decline in March and April, as State and local restrictions fell into placeAfter a gradual increase to about 80 percent of 2019 levels.
Another way to consider car travel in 2020 – and domestic travel in the US more broadly – is to look at travel numbers for US national parks.
Overall, visits to the national park were reduced by 28 percent in 2020 – to 237 million visitors, down from 327.5 million in 2019, largely due to temporary park closures and epidemiological capacity restrictions.
However, the caveat is that many parks saw record numbers of visitors in the second half of the year, as a wave of travel-hungry tourists began to seek safe and responsible forms of entertainment.
Consider the figures for recreational trips in Yellowstone National Park. After closing in April, monthly visits to the park rose sharply from 2019 levels. The months of September and October of 2020 were both busiest on record, with the number surpassing the previous monthly record in October 43 percent.
Some national parks located near cities served as a convenient recreation during the epidemic. In Cuyahoga Valley National Park, the 2020 numbers exceeded the 2019 numbers from March to December. In Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the number increased after a 46-day closure in spring and a partial closure through August; Between June and December, the park saw one million additional visits in 2019 compared to the same time period.