I wanted Finn to be able to talk to me about all his fears and worries about the move, and I knew that self-efficacy could also help with this. It directly and indirectly promotes open parent communication, helping children resist peer pressure. Research shows that when a child believes that he has the ability to resist peer pressure, he will be more likely to do so, and further, She would be more likely to talk to her parents about those episodes of peer pressure When they get up. On the other hand, children who do not feel they can resist peer pressure do not talk to their parents about things outside the home.
Lack of self-efficacy is a risk factor for substance abuse and other negative health outcomes, but when converted to contrast and equal force, a strong sense of self-efficacy may occur. One of the most powerful protective factors we can give to our children. Here are some practical ways parents can boost children’s perception of self-efficacy and help children with low self-efficacy get back on the right track:
Start with yourself
Model, model, model self-efficacy for their children. Start questioning your own assertion of “I can’t” with “I can’t” Till now, ” Then turn that perspective towards your children. It helps to convince children that ability is not innate, it is learned, and is often won by hard work.
Give children skills
Praise alone will not give your child a sense of self-efficacy or competence; These things come from actual experience of trying, doing, failing, trying again, and succeeding. Give children age-appropriate tasks that help them persevere and challenge, giving them opportunities to taste success. Teach them how to make dinner from beginning to end and see what they make on their own. Encourage your teens to take the family car to the garage and set that rattle behind the dash.
Optimism is about seeing more than half a glass; It has a very real impact on physical and mental health. Optimistic children are better able to resist learned helplessness and depression, while pessimists are more likely to give in to feelings of helplessness and result in a much higher risk Suffering from a wide range of negative mental and physical health consequences. According to psychologist Martin Seligman, authorOptimistic child, “Pessimistic children see obstacles as permanent, pervasive, and their fault. Optimistic children, on the other hand, see failures as temporary, specific, and in-coming behavior. As Dr. Seligman explains:” Children learn from their parents and teachers, in part, their pessimism, so it is very important that you model optimism for your children as a first step. “
Make failures specific, but normalize success.
Direct children toward optimism for their success as generally as possible. If your daughter is having a great day in a math class, help her make that success global. Instead go to the school “I did well in math class because I noticed.”
It is going well because I am doing all my work on time. “Help him expand his success beyond the limits of a class or a day.
Be specific in your praise.
General appreciation, Such as “Good work!” It is useless when it comes to enhancing self-efficacy in children because it has no real meaning. Aim for behavior-specific praise that reinforces the practices you want to encourage, such as, “I’m proud of you for sticking with that project when you got frustrated.” Behavior-specific praise describes the desired behavior, is specific to the child, and provides a positive, clear, statement.