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Interesting Facts About Biodiversity- Fact About Biodiversity In Hindi » English SciTech English SciTech

Biodiversity in Hindi-Hello friends, in today’s article, we find different types of things found in all the creatures found on earth. something related to interesting fact And scientific terms Will know If your background is not from biology. Then you may have some problems in understanding these facts.

1) Keeping in view the diversity of the living world and to make their study easier, organisms have been divided into different groups on the basis of their similarities and differences.

2) Taxonomy is the branch of biology under which organisms are classified and named.

3) Systematics is the branch of science in which the classification, naming and identification of organisms as well as their evolutionary relationships are studied.

4) Carolus Linnaeus laid the foundation of modern classification in 1758 AD. He is called the father of modern classification.

5) John Ray first gave the concept of species.

6) While classifying organisms, it is necessary to keep in mind the biological evolution because they are divided into groups according to the order of development.

7) Carolus Linnaeus divided all living beings into plant kingdom and animal kingdom. After this each world was divided into Sangh/Khand, Varga, Gana, Kul, Vansh and Jati respectively.

8) The concept of binomial system of naming organisms was also first given by Carolus Linnaeus. According to this method, the name of each organism has two forms. The first name is the lineage, while the second word is the caste symbol.

9) Robert Whitaker (1959) proposed a five-world method of classification. He divided the organisms into five kingdoms – Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia.

10) Under the kingdom-Monera, there are simple, microscopic, unicellular organisms in which nuclei are not found, for example – bacteria, blue-green algae.

11) Simple, unicellular organisms come under the kingdom-protista, but definite nuclei are found in their cell. Example- amoeba, algae.

12) Under the kingdom-fungi, there are simple, inverted, chlorophyll-free eukaryotic, in whose body the fungal web and hypha are found. Most of the organisms in this group are parasitic or mortal. Example- Penicillium, Yeast.

13) Multicellular, eukaryotic organisms come under the world-plant, in which cell wall and chlorophyll are found. They get their food through photosynthesis.

14) Under the kingdom Animalia, there are multicellular, cell wallless, eukaryotic, in which
Chlorophyll is not found. These animals are heterotrophs or heterotrophs.

15) The classification of the plant kingdom is based on the composition of the body, the presence of specialized tissues and the formation of seeds and fruits.

16)Plant kingdom is divided into two sub-kingdom-Cryptogams and Phanerogames.

17) The seedless and flowerless cryptogams are further divided into three divisions namely Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta.

18)Thallophyta includes the primitive, simple plants, whose body is similar to the thallus. The body (Biodiversity in Hindi) does not have separate root, stem and leaves. Vascular systems are underdeveloped and nutrition is usually through photosynthesis. Example- algae, lichens.

19) Bryophyta includes small, simple, green plants whose body is differentiated into stem, leaves and rhizoid. They are considered to be the amphibians of the plant kingdom.

20) Pteridophyta includes plants having vascular tissue and differentiated body into root, stem and leaves. Example- ferns, club moss, horsetail etc.

21) Under the sub-family Phalerogams, there are plants having high quality flowers and seeds, in which the vascular system is fully developed. On the basis of presence and absence of flowers, they were divided into two groups- gymnosperms and angiosperms.

22) Under Gymnosperms, such plants were kept whose seeds are naked and they lack flowers and fruits. Example- Cycas, Pinus etc.

23) Plants under Angiosperms have fruits, flowers and seeds. Their seeds remain sealed inside the fruit. They are also called flowering plants. Based on the number of cotyledons, they are further divided into monocotyledon and dicotyledonous groups. Example- wheat, maize, peas, potatoes etc.

24) Animals of the kingdom Animalia are divided into several main phyla – Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Asclemethes, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata, Hemichordata and Chordata.

25) Under the phylum-Porifera, there are porous, two-layered, asymmetric or radially symmetrical, apical aquatic systems, in which thorns are found and in which the canal system is developed. Example- Cycon, Euspongia.

26) Under the phylum-Celenterata, there are two-layered, radially symmetrical, apical aquatic animals having gastric duct cavity. The body consists of stinger cells and during the life cycle there is a generation of alternation. (Biodiversity in Hindi)Happens also. Example- Hydra, Jellyfish.

27) Bilateral symmetric, three-layered, apical flat worms come under the phylum-Platihelminthes. There are flame cells for excretion. The animals of this phylum are free-living or parasitic. Example- planaria, tapeworm.

28) Bilateral symmetrical, three-layered and hysteroid round worms come under the phylum-Asclemethes. They are mostly parasites. Example- Ascaris, Wuchereria.

29) Animals having bilateral symmetric, three-layered, segmented and real body cavity come under the phylum Annelida. The circulatory organ is the whistle, sucker or parapodia and there are kidneys for excretion. Example- earthworm, neriz.

39) Under the phylum-Orthopoda, there are bipartite symmetric, three-layered segmented blood cavity animals, which have jointed appendages. Malpigian ducts or green glands are there for excretion. The blood system is open type. Example- oilseed, crab.

40) The three-tiered, monolithic, radially symmetrical, pentagonal, protruding marine animals (Biodiversity in Hindi) come under the phylum Echinodermata. There are thorns on the skin of their body and water vascular system is developed. Example- starfish, sea cucumber.

41) Under the phylum-Hemichordata, there are three-layered, prehensile, bilaterally symmetrical marine animals, whose dorsal cord is found in the front part of the body and nerve cords are on both the dorsal and ventral surfaces. Example- Balanoglossus, Cephalodiscus.

42) Animals of Sangha-chordata are bipartite symmetrical, apical, three-layered, in which dorsal, nerve and cleome fissures are found. The phylum-Caudenta were divided into two groups – Protocodata (Acrania) and Vertebrata (Cranieta).

43) Sea animals come under Protochodata, which lack cranium, jaws, vertebral column and paired appendages. Example- Salpa, Amphioxus)

44) The cranium, jaw, vertebral column and paired appendages are found in the animals that come under Vertebrata. Vertebrata were divided into several classes – Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia.

45) All fish come under the category 1-Pisces. They are non-volatile aquatic animals having scales, fins on their body and water clods for respiration. The heart is made up of two chambers and they lay eggs in water. Example- Scoliodon, Rohu.

46) Amphibians, non-volatile animals come under class 2-Amphibia, which lack scales and feathers. There are three chambers in their heart. These are egg laying animals.
Example- Frog, Hyla.

47) Land, erratic and crawling animals come under class 3-Reptilia.
Their heart has four incompletely divided chambers. It lays eggs at the site. Example-lizard, (Biodiversity in Hindi) snake.

47) The determinants, tree dwellers and air-flying animals come under class 4-Aves. They have wings, butt and beak. The heart is made up of four completely divided chambers. They are oviparous. Example- Pigeon, Parrot.

48) Mammalian deterministic animals come under class 5-mammalia, which have hair on the body and external ear is present. The heart is completely divided into four chambers. They are usually live breeders. Example- Kangaroo, Rat, Man.

this article”Interesting facts related to Biodiversity- fact about Biodiversity in Hindi “Thank you so much for reading I hope. That you must have got to know a lot new from this article.

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