The San Diego Zoo has given the experimental coronovirus vaccine to nine apes, developed by Zoitis, a leading veterinary pharmaceuticals company.
In January, a troop of gorillas at the zoo’s Safari Park Tested positive for the virus. All is recovering, but still, the zoo requested help from zoitis to vaccinate other apes. company Provided an experimental vaccine It was initially developed for pets and is now being tested at Mink.
San Diego Zoo Global’s conservation and wildlife health officer Nadine Lambeski said the zoo vaccinated four oranges and five bonobos with the experimental vaccine, which is not designed for use in humans. One of the vaccinated oranges was A monkey named karen, Who made history in 1994, when she became the first orangutan to have open-heart surgery.
Dr. Lamberski said a gorilla at the zoo was also to be vaccinated, but gorillas at the wildlife park were a low priority because they had already tested positive for infection and recovered. She said that if the zoo received a high dose of the vaccine, it would vaccinate the gorillas at the wildlife park.
Mahesh Kumar, senior vice president of global biologics for zoitis, said the company is ramping up production primarily to acquire licenses for the mink vaccine, and will provide greater doses to San Diego and other zoos when possible. “We’ve already received several requests,” he said.
The transition of apes is a major concern for zoos and conservationists. They easily succumb to human respiratory infections, and the virus of the common cold has caused a deadly outbreak in chimpanzees in Africa. Genome research has suggested that chimpanzees, gorillas and other apes will be susceptible to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that caused the epidemic. Lab researchers are using some monkeys, such as macaques, to test drugs and vaccines and to develop new treatments for the virus.
Scientists are not worried This threat is a threat to great apes And also about other animals The virus has the potential to gain a foothold in a wild animal population. It can become a permanent reservoir and emerge at a later date to rein in humans.
The transition to farming mink has caused the greatest fear ever. When the Danish mink farm is devastated by the virus that can kill mink, just as it kills people, a mutated form of the virus originates from mink and reinforced humans. That variant showed resistance to some antibodies in laboratory studies, raising doubts that vaccines may be less effective against it.
According to the World Health Organization, this virus variant has not been found in humans since November. But other versions have appeared in people in many countries, proving that the virus may be more contagious and in some cases reduce the effectiveness of some vaccines.
Denmark ended up killing as many as 17 million minks – effectively wiping out its mink farming industry. In the United States, thousands of minks have died, and a wild mink has tested positive for the virus.
Although many dogs, domestic cats, and large cats in zoos have been infected with the virus through natural dissemination, and have been infected in other laboratory experiments, scientists say that to detect the virus in any animal So far extensive testing has been done other than a mink wild.
National Geographic first reported vaccination of apes at the San Diego Zoo.