Federal health officials on Monday told millions of Americans now vaccinated against coronovirus that they could again embrace some long-denied freedom, such as in small groups at home without masks or social distance Gathering, offering a glimpse of hope in the next phase of the epidemic. .
Recommendations, From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, came nearly a year after the virus strangled the country and warned Americans against the gathering for fear of spreading the new pathogen.
Now the agency has good news for long-separated families and individuals struggling with pandemic isolation: vaccinated grandparents can once again visit adult children and grandchildren under certain circumstances, even if they Be untouched Adults vaccinated may begin a mask-free diet plan with vaccinated friends.
As Cases and deaths occur nationwide, Some state officials are running to reopen businesses and schools; In Texas and Mississippi, governors have taken out a statewide facade mandate. Federal health officials have repeatedly warned against loosening restrictions too early, fearing that the moves could set the stage for a fourth surge of infections and deaths.
The new recommendations are intended to bring Americans on a more vigilant path with clear boundaries for safe behavior, while acknowledging that most countries are insecure and that many scientific questions remain unanswered.
The director of the CDC, Drs. Rochelle P. “As more Americans are vaccinated, a growing body of evidence now tells us that some people who have been fully vaccinated may resume themselves at a lower risk,” Wallenski said. Home news conference on Monday.
On Thursday, President Biden will make his first prime-time television address, focusing on the first anniversary of the beginning of the epidemic and the role of “bringing the country back to normal” as “the role of Americans”, Jane Jane Saki, at the White House Press Will be highlighted. The secretary told reporters on Monday.
As of Monday, 60 million Americans At least one dose of the Kovid-19 vaccine was found, And about 31.3 million were fully vaccinated, according to a database maintained by The New York Times. Providers are administering approximately 2.17 million doses per day on average.
Mr. Biden has promised that by the end of May there will be an adequate dose for every American adult. CDC officials on Monday encouraged people to vaccinate with the first available vaccine, stressing that the vaccines are highly effective in preventing “severe Kovid-19 disease, hospitalization, and death”.
Despite the rapid vaccination pace, the epidemic would not last overnight, experts said, praising the CDC recommendations for detail and scientific grounding.
Dr. Carlos Del Rio said that the vice president of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, Drs. “This switch is not on and off,” said Carlos Dale. “It’s like turning a faucet – you slowly start closing the faucet.”
Still, “this is welcome news,” he said. “This is the first time they are saying that you can do something, as opposed to saying what you cannot do. it is too big.”
The new guidelines provide much-needed advice to individuals who are still reluctant to resume post-vaccination, said Vale Wright, senior director of health care innovation at the American Psychological Association.
Dr. Wright cited research soon to be published from the American Psychological Association, saying that about half are concerned about re-entering normal life in adults, 44 percent of whom have been fully vaccinated. “What drives that uneasiness is the level of uncertainty,” she said.
“It is very difficult to know what is safe and what is not safe. When we can get people some science-informed information – ‘here’s what you can do, but we still recommend doing so’ – it will help people make informed decisions about keeping them and their families safe. Need to be taken. “
In the new guidance, federal health officials advised that fully vaccinated Americans could assemble in private homes in small groups without masks or being carried away with other fully vaccinated people in the home.
They may assemble with unsuspecting people in a private home without a mask or travel so long as unaccompanied persons occupy a single house and all members are at least at risk of developing serious illness Yes, they should contract the virus.
For example, vaccinated grandparents may travel with healthy adult children without masks and healthy grandchildren without masks or physical distance.
Asked if family members are kissing and should be vaccinated. Throat children and grandchildren are not vaccinated, Dr. Del Rio said yes but advised caution: “I will not use it excessively.”
The CDCC said that those vaccinated in public areas and in places such as restaurants or gyms should wear masks, maintain social distance, and take other precautions, such as avoiding poorly ventilated places, covering coughs and sneezes and often with their hands To wash
The CDC’s advice is aimed at Americans who have been fully vaccinated, meaning at least two weeks have passed since they received a second dose of Pfizer-BioNotech or Modern Vaccine or a single dose of the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine is.
What is safe for newly vaccinated Americans and their unqualified neighbors and family members is because in large part there has been uncertainty Scientists have not yet understood whether and how often immunized people can still transmit the virus.. If they can, masking and other precautions are still needed in some settings to control the virus, researchers have said.
The CDC said on Monday that research has indicated that people who are fully vaccinated are less likely to have asymptomatic infections and “possibly less likely to infect the virus that other people have with Kovid-19.” Causes. ” Nevertheless, the agency did not rule out the possibility that they might inadvertently transmit the virus.
There is also uncertainty as to how well the vaccines protect against new variants of the virus that are more infectious and possibly more viral, as well as how long the vaccine lasts. Some variants carry mutations that blunt the body’s immune response.
The CDC advised that vaccinated Americans should not avoid exposure to the virus or need to be tested, unless they develop symptoms of infection. If they do so, they should isolate themselves, be tested if possible and talk to their doctors.
Vaccinated Americans should not gather with disqualified people from more than one household, and continue to avoid large and medium-sized ceremonies. (The agency did not specify what size large or medium size aggregates are.)
Guidance is slightly different for fully vaccinated residents of group homes and unaffiliated individuals, who must continue quarantine for up to 14 days and be tested if they are exposed to the virus, as there is a greater risk of transmission in such settings is.
Vaccinated workers in high-density settings, like meatpacking plants, do not require quarantine after exposure to coronovirus, but testing is recommended.
The CDC did not modify its travel recommendations, suggesting that all Americans stay indoors, unless necessary. Dr. Wallensky said cases of the virus had increased each time, leading to an increase in travel.
“We’re really trying to rein in the journey,” she said. “And we hope that the next set of our guidance will have more science that people can vaccinate, perhaps travel between them.”
The new guidelines clearly detail the rewards of vaccination and the assistant professor of global health and social medicine at Harvard Medical School, Drs. Rebecca Weintraub said the demand for vaccination was likely to inspire even more Americans to try and prevent the vaccination’s reluctance.
“You can resume an activity that many people are longing for – being in close proximity with the people they love, in small gatherings where you can see each other and each other. Can embrace, “Dr. Ventrab said.
“It has been well studied that expectancy is an important component of happiness,” she said. “These guidelines help each person to have a happy future for the vaccine. As a physician and vaccineer, I am thrilled. “
Noah Whelan contributed reporting.