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What is Lemon grass, Complete information about Lemon grass(About Lemon grass in hindi)

What is lemon grass and how to grow lemon grass

About Lemon grass-Today there are many farmers in India who are running away from farming. They believe that even after working hard in agriculture, nothing is left, so there are many farmers whose land has become barren.

A mission has been launched in the year 2016 by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India, to increase the income of such farmers and farmers in the country, which has been named ‘Aroma Mission’. Aroma Mission for cultivation of fragrance crops
Farmers are being encouraged for this. For those farmers whose fields are barren or yet nothing grows,

Lemongrass can be cultivated. Lemon grass is mainly known for its aromatic oil production). On behalf of CSIR-CIMAP, farmers are being informed about the production technology and market availability through awareness program and assessment of their suitability for specific climatic zones and improved varieties, agricultural technologies for cultivation of lemongrass.

Due to the properties found in the plants, the price of the oil extracted from it is currently running between Rs 1200 to 1500, so growing this plant will not be a loss deal. The crop can be harvested 4 times in a year from the plant and this crop can be harvested 2 times even in places without water.

The life span of lemon grass lasts for 4 to 6 years i.e. once planted in the field, the crop remains in the field for 6 years. Lemon grass oil has an important place in India’s aroma oil production industry. India has been the largest producer of lemongrass in world trade.

At present, lemon grass is being successfully cultivated on a large scale in various provinces of the country. It is commonly known as ‘lemon grass’ or ‘lemongrass’, whose botanical name is Cymbepogon luxuosus.

Lemon grass is a tropical perennial plant, known for its aromatic oil production. After planting lemon grass crop once, oil can be obtained from this crop for 5-6 years. Its leaves have a sweet pungent smell. Due to this sweet pungent smell, it is called lemon grass. The temperature of 20 to 30 Celsius with good sunlight throughout the year is considered favorable for good yield of lemongrass.

Lemon grass leaves are linear, about 150 cm. long and 1.7 cm. Are wide. The height of the lemongrass plant is 1-3 m. Happens till then. In this, a chemical compound called ‘citrol’ is found from 75 to 85 percent. India produces around 700 tonnes of lemon grass oil annually.

A large quantity of which is exported. Its aromatic oil is traditionally used in Western Europe, the USA. and being exported to Japan.

What should be a favorable environment for lemon grass

About Lemon grass-Warm and temperate climate is suitable for the cultivation of lemongrass. Where the climate is warm and sunny, there is enough sunshine, the rainfall is 800-1000 cm. the area is suitable for its cultivation
There are.

The crop of lemon grass is suitable for all types of soils. It can be cultivated in all types of soils from fertile dune to infertile laterite land. Sandy loamy soil, whose pH value is between 7.0-8.5, is suitable.

Thus lemon grass can be planted in different types of soils. Such soils should not be chosen for the cultivation of lemongrass, where there is more problem of water logging. Such areas are best for the cultivation of lemon grass, where the annual rainfall is 100 to 150 cm but its length increases due to different climate. keeps on happening.

Lemon grass का उपयोग(Benefits of Lemon grass in hindi)

Its methodical and commercial cultivation in India is special in Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Nagaland, Jammu and Kashmir and West Bengal. is being done.

Lemon grass is being commercially cultivated in countries of East Africa, Indonesia, Brazil, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Pakistan, Cuba, Guatemala and Honduras apart from India. Lemon grass oil is used to flavor a variety of substances. goes. Lemon grass oil is used in soaps, shampoos, detergents, household cleaning items, incense sticks, incense sticks, creams and other cosmetics.

Apart from this, its green or dry leaves are also used in making herbal tea. The oil is also used to flavor liquor and chutneys. Lemongrass is also used in land conservation. A large population of Daniya has started drinking tea made from its leaves i.e. lemon-tea.

How to protect Lemon grass from pests

About Lemon grass in hindiLemongrass is a multi-year plant and once planted gives more yield for 4.6 years. Therefore, it is very important to prepare the field well before transplanting.

For this, the field is plowed 23 times and all stubble and grass roots should be removed. At the time of last plowing, decomposed cow dung at the rate of 10-15 tonnes per hectare should be mixed thoroughly in the soil. To protect the field from termite attack, apply 5% linden powder 25.30 kg at the time of last tillage in the soil. should be mixed at the rate of per hectare.

Lemon grass is propagated through seeds and slips. To prepare slips, one year old plant or bunch of old crop is taken out and each cutting is separated from it. These cuttings are called ‘slips’.

While preparing the slips, the green leaves should be cut and separated, along with the dry leaves below and the long roots should be cut and separated, the length of the slip is 15.20 cm. Should keep If there is a suitable arrangement for irrigation of lemon grass, it can be planted from February to March. Irrigation is essential immediately after transplanting. In non-irrigated condition, the suitable time is from July to August.

50,000-55,000 slips are considered sufficient for an area of ​​one hectare, the slips should be 5 cm. At a depth of 60 cm, row to row distance and 45 cm. Planted at plant to plant distance. Some of the improved varieties have been developed by CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP), Lucknow,

In which the main species are Pragati, Praman, Krishna, Chirharit, T-1, Suvarna, Kaveri, Neema and GRL-1. In which Krishna species is very popular among farmers. Recently, an improved variety Sim-Shikhar has been developed by CIMAP, from which oil yield can be obtained higher than Krishna variety.

Since lemon grass is grown in the rainy season, there is a lot of competition from weeds. In such a situation, controlling weeds in 35-10 days after planting lemon grass is an essential task.

Generally weeding and hoeing is required 2-3 times in a year. To protect against weeds, use of Dioron or Oxyflurofen at the rate of 1.5 kg per hectare should be done, later when Lemon grass is well established in the field, then there is no more problem of weeds in the field.

The outbreak of some pests and diseases has been observed on the crop of lemon grass. In which the spindle bug salt insect mainly damages the crop, for which prevention should be sprayed with malathion (0.2%). In lemon grass crop mainly leaf blight / blotch.
and Colletotrichum blide fungal diseases have been observed. For prevention, spraying of Mancozeb 0.2-0.3% fungicide should be done at an interval of 15 days.

When should lemon grass be harvested?

About Lemon grass-The first harvesting of lemongrass crop is done after about 110-130 days, almost all the post-harvest crops are harvested after an interval of 80 to 95 days. The number of cuttings increases depending on the fertility of the soil and the amount of fertilizer applied.

About 3 harvests can be made in the first year. After that four harvestings are done every year. Lemon grass Harvesting ground 10-15 cm. height should be done. Oil is found in all green parts of lemongrass, but the essential oil content is found in the leaves of the plant.

Therefore the entire upper part is useful for distillation. Thereby, under irrigated conditions, 200-250 kg. Oil is obtained per hectare every year. Under unirrigated conditions, based on the data of two harvests per year, the oil yield is 100-120 kg. per hectare per year can be obtained.

Lemon grass distillation

The process of distillation of essential oil from lemon grass is done by water-vapor or water distillation method. After drying the crop in the sun for one day or after drying in the shade for two days, distillation gives more oil at less cost. The crop should not be cut and kept in a heap. The distillation unit should be clean, rust free and free from any other odour.

The quality of lemon grass oil is determined through physicochemical properties and chemical profiling. The special mention of the quality of lemongrass oil according to the Indian standard is given in the table.

How Lemon Grass Oil Is Purified

To maintain the quality of the oil, it is very important to remove the undesirable substances from the oil and clean the oil after the distillation process. The distilled oil should be collected in a vessel and filtered out the excess impurities with cotton. To isolate the total water content of lemongrass, add 2.3 grams per kg. Depending on the oil, anhydrous sodium sulphate is added and kept for about 8 to 10 hours.

After this the oil is filtered. Moisture, air and sunlight have an adverse effect on the quality of the oil in the essential oil of lemon grass, so the oil should be collected in a steel or aluminum airtight container and kept at normal temperature in a shady place.

Can money be earned by cultivating lemon grass?

About Lemon grass in hindiOil yield is good for four years from lemongrass crop, after that both quantity and quality of oil starts decreasing. A net profit of about Rs 120,000 to 130,000 per hectare can be obtained from this crop in the first year, while the amount of profit in the following years becomes almost higher than in the first year.

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