Will ABC facilitate graduate employability

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Academic Bank of Credits (ABC) under the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 to promote further job opportunities for a futuristic and vibrant education sector.

A University Grants Commission (UGC) notification said that the academic bank of credit will help students select the best courses or combination of courses commensurate with their aptitude and prepare their degrees instead of going through the routinely prescribed rigorous or help to make specific modifications or specializations. degree, or courses from the same university. Being a digital bank, ABC is expected to facilitate multidisciplinary and holistic education and multiple entry and exit in higher education.


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“The present structure of our education system is extremely rigid in which academics decide what courses to offer to the students. This has left little or no choice in line with his career aspirations. Today, it is important to develop students more holistically to prepare them for a job not only of today, which may be old, but also of tomorrow, says Bhushan Patwardhan, former Vice-Chairman of UGC and Distinguished Professor of Savitribai Phule. There may be many jobs. and Pune University (SPPU). He elaborates that the market dynamics and its expectations from graduates are changing, so the emphasis is on developing the education system.


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Roopmanjari Ghosh, Vice Chancellor, Shiv Nadar University, Delhi – NCR, and Co-Chairman, FICCI Higher Education Committee, however, does raise some pertinent points about the scheme, which he agrees to allow students to create their own learning paths. is to help. Get the educational qualification as per your choice, allowing mobility in all subjects and higher education institutions. “It is undoubtedly a good idea, which should empower the students in the country to discover and fully develop their unique potential. But without proper guidance such an open option given in the ABC scheme will not work – it is our youth. (and their families) will cause uncertainty and anxiety,” she says.

Higher education, in his opinion, is meant to create leaders of tomorrow with life skills, which are not obsolete – creative people, capable of critical thinking and therefore logical decisions. “University output must contribute to R&D – leadership in ideas and actions. This needs to be understood and practiced in a coordinated manner across multiple institutions.”


quality control

Calling for the need to monitor the quality of the teaching-learning process in many of these institutions under the ABC scheme – the method of delivery of content as well as the content, Ghosh emphasized, “It is the quality that matters not the That the number of credits earned. One drawback is that good universities are not a degree delivery shop and university education is not just about getting degree certificates. Campus experience, 24×7 learning for holistic 360-degree development of human Social engagement is all-important. How will this be addressed?” he asked.

Upskilling for the future
Patwardhan also believes that students need to be prepared for employment and entrepreneurial ventures if they are given the freedom to choose. “This is in keeping with NEP’s focus on more student-centred education as opposed to institution/teacher-centred education.” Every subject that the student wants is not available in the institute in which he has enrolled. By making their choice from various disciplines and institutions covered under the ABC scheme, they will be able to acquire relevant skill sets that will enhance their educational qualifications for a better career,” says Patwardhan.

“The skills component in education was previously available in isolation which widened the gap between skills-based, blue-collar education and white-collar traditional pedagogy. Sustaining only to a basic degree reflects a colonial system of education that is redundant,” says Patwardhan, alluding to Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of ‘labour prestige’, which he feels should be the focus of learning. It needs to be implemented as well.

“Under the new initiative, students can also obtain credit from a skills university registered under ABC or they can acquire relevant skills as part of an internship program embedded in BA, BSc or BCom programmes. By doing so, the profile of the students is ready to change. They also have the flexibility to earn 40% credit from ‘outside sources’, be it through online courses through SWAYAM, NPTEL, V-Lab etc., industry internships or work in business ventures, all of which will be counted as part of the course. activity,” says Patwardhan.

Emphasizing that the ABC will “build a bridge between skills, knowledge and education unlike the earlier compliance mode”, he said that students are likely to become more performance-oriented, regardless of the discipline they come from be.

stock of credit
Analyzing the new scheme, Bhaskar Ramamurthy, director, IIT Madras, claims that ABC enables “credits earned in an explosion of learning, perhaps in different institutions at different places and at different times (students). because of the constraints faced by him)”. These can be transferred for diploma or degree in the degree awarding institution depending upon the quality standards of the institute. “ABC is not concerned with any existing inadequacies, but rather an authentic digital record of credit – it can open up more opportunities but cannot make up for the lack of institutions, or the lack of good degree/diploma programs.”

Options for printed documents

In terms of job prospects of students following the new scheme, Ramamurthy says, the value of a degree or diploma in the job market will be determined by the quality of the program designed by an institution and its own quality standards and standards for credit transfer. . . “It is common these days to earn credit through lifelong learning and re-skilling. An authentic record of such credit will help a person to explore new avenues. Ultimately, ABC is a convenient and proven replacement for printed certificates,” says Ramamurthy.

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